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作者:SR Porter2012被引用次数:6 — and offers advice to researchers seeking to use instrumental variables for ... Perhaps the biggest weakness of the paper is its incorrect statement that IV ... communities affect grade-point average.
38 页·238 KB

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作者:A Pokropek2016被引用次数:22 — This paper begins by explaining the logic of IVs and then reviews the literature on the use of the IVs ...
作者:JG Altonji2002被引用次数:478 — For test scores, the 2SLS estimates lie below the OLS ones in three of the four cases, with 12th grade math score ...
38 页·532 KB
In this paper, we discuss the use of instrumental variables (IVs) in business and ... When the degree of reliability for a variable is not mentioned in the ... Indeed, performance of firms are driven by several other factors (variables), such as.
2016年4月22日 — One technique is the instrumental-variables (IVs) ... modeling of causal relationships using observational data ... In this paper, we focus on instruments that could ... to poor housing outcomes and poor academic performance ...
作者:S Baert2019被引用次数:32 — The resulting data are analysed with instrumental variable ... grade point average (GPA) of college students, while Wentworth and Middleton (2014) ... The remainder of this article is structured as follows.
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作者:WH Crown2011被引用次数:47 — To examine the performance of instrumental variables (IV) and ordinary least ... One of the seminal papers on the use of IV methods in outcomes research is by ... and the degree to which the instrument still retains some correlation with the ...
作者:PA Puhani2005被引用次数:279 — instrumental variable estimation exploiting the exogenous variation in month of birth. ... In this paper, we estimate the causal effect of varying the age of school entry in ... approach is that the pupil's performance at grade four of primary school is ...
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2013年12月4日 — where the dependent variable, Gradeit, represents the grade on midterm t (1, 2) for student i. Xit is a ...
作者:ILE Authority1983被引用次数:20 — y = a+ pT+ e. = a + x. + fix + (e - Pie). It is because x is correlated with (e - fpe) that the OLS estimator, b, is an inconsistent ...
19 页·386 KB

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